William odinga okoko



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SELF ESTEEM AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NDHIWA DISTRICT, KENYA

BY

WILLIAM ODINGA OKOKO

A RESEARCH PROJECT REPORT SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR MASTER OF EDUCATION DEGREE IN THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATIONS, UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI

2012

DECLARATION

Declaration by the student

This Research project is my original work and has not been presented for a degree in any other University.

Name: William Odinga Okoko Sign_______________ Date_____________

E56/60587/2010



Declaration by the supervisor

This Research Project has been submitted for examination with my approval as a

University supervisor.

Name of supervisor: Prof. Lucy Wairimu Kibera, Ph.D

Department Educational Foundations

University of Nairobi

Signed_________________________________

Date___________________________________



DEDICATION

This work is dedicated to my wives Caroline Odinga and Meresa Awuor, our children David Otieno, Audrey Akoth , Deril Owino and Wycliffe Ochieng’.



ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

I am happy to acknowledge with gratitude, my supervisor Professor Lucy Wairimu Kibera who was constantly guiding me on the best way to produce quality project work. I also sincerely thank Mr. Muasya for his guidance on how to write a research proposal and carry out a good research.

I wish to express my thanks to certain individuals without whom my research would have been impossible. I thank Professor Samson Gunga for his valuable advice on my research project on self esteem and academic performance of secondary school students

. I also thank the principals of the three schools who allowed me the permission to conduct research in their schools. These were the principal Obera Boys High school, principal Magina Girls School, and principal Aluor mixed secondary school. I also thank the Form Four class teachers who accepted to respond to my questionnaires for my research project.

Finally, I thank Caroline Odinga and Meresa Awuor for their stimulating encouragement and moral support they extended to me as I worked for this research.

ABSTRACT

Factors that influence an individual’s self esteem and academic performance include and not limited to school environment, teachers, peers, and the hidden curriculum, as well as demographic factors such as parents’ background affect learners self esteem as well as performance. It was important to find out how these factors shape the student self esteem. The recognition of self worth of learners or the lack of it can yield an observable trait in the learners which would inspire them either to achieve or not to achieve an end in life.

The specific objectives of the study sought to : investigate the effects of self esteem on academic performance of secondary school students of Homa-bay county; establish the effect of age on self esteem and academic performance of the Form Four students in Ndhiwa district, Homa-bay county; establish the effect of gender on self esteem and academic performance of Form Four students in Ndhiwa district and finally, examine the effect of teachers on students’ self esteem and their academic performance in Ndhiwa district.

To satisfy the four objectives, the study used the descriptive survey research. The researcher used structured and open- ended questionnaire. Data was gathered on school factors and also on the feelings and perceptions about their self esteem and academic performance. The result showed that the teachers, peers and co curricular activities as well as parental background have an influence on self esteem and academic performance.

The findings of the study have revealed that:


  1. some 58.33% of the students who performed well felt proud of their performance and always felt like showing them to others.

  2. as far as age is concerned, the findings show that 64.33% of the students interviewed had attained 18 years and above. (Nelson et al, 2006).

  3. more boys (50%) than girls (48.7%) aspired to obtain a first degree. On the other hand, more girls than boys aspired to leave the school at Form Four (10%) and (6.7%) respectively.

  4. nearly all the students said that they felt proud of their teachers who they felt made them perform well.

The findings presented herewith seem to suggest that age and gender have influence on self-

esteem and in turn academic performance of the students.

However, since the study was based on public secondary schools only, there is need to investigate the self esteem of students in private secondary schools. In addition, self esteem of pupils at primary level from private and public schools should also be studied.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study 1

1.2 Statement of the Problem 5

1.3Purpose of the Study 6

1.4 Objective of the Study 6

1.5 Research Questions 7

1.6Significance of the Study 7

1.7 The Scope of the Study 8

1.8Limitations of the Study 8

1.9 Definition of Terms 9

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1 The concept of self esteem 10

2.2 Self esteem and gender 10

2.3 Self esteem and academic performance 12

2.4Peer relationships and self esteem 12

2.5 Parent-adolescent relationships 14

2.6Self esteem and parenting 14

2.7Self esteem, Grade and Relationships 15

2.8 Indicators of Low and High self-esteem 15

2.9Maslow’s Theory of Needs 16

2.10Conceptual Frame Work 18



CHAPTER THREE

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1Research Design 19

3.2The sample and sampling procedure 19

3.3Research Instrument 20

3.4 Data Gathering Procedure 20

3.5Data Processing and Analysis 21

3.6 Validity and reliability research tools 21



CHAPTER FOUR

DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION

4.1Introduction. 22

4.2 Data Analysis 22



CHAPTER FIVE

CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1Summary 39

5.2Conclusion 40

5.3 Suggested areas for further study. 41

APPENDICES

Appendix I: References 42

Appendix II: Student Questionnaire 44




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