Unit XI: testing & individual differences note taking & reflection guide module 60: introduction to intelligence



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UNIT XI: TESTING & INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
NOTE TAKING & REFLECTION GUIDE


MODULE 60: INTRODUCTION TO INTELLIGENCE

Key Terms (know definitions & how they apply to the topics they are brought up in):

Intelligence –

Intelligence Test –

Factor Analysis –

Savant Syndrome –

Grit -

Theories of Intelligence (Describe the characteristics of intelligence according to these theories):



Spearman’s G-Factor –

Gardner’s 8 Multiple Intelligences –

Sternberg’s Three Intelligences –

Emotional Intelligence –

Is Intelligence Neurologically Measurable?

How does intelligence relate to brain anatomy?

How is intelligence related to neural processing speed?

MODULE 61: ASSESSING INTELLIGENCE

Intelligence Testing:

Why were intelligence tests originally created? Quick history of intelligence testing:

What did Binet mean by the term, mental age and what were his reasons for calculating it?

How did Binet & Terman differ in their view on intelligence?

Explain IQ and how it is derived.

What’s the difference between achievement tests & aptitude tests?

How does the WAIS differ from other types of intelligence tests?

Principles of Test Construction (define the following & their importance to creating a good test):

Standardization –

Normal Curve –

Reliability –

Validity –

Content Validity –

Predictive Validity –

What is the Flynn Effect?

Are general aptitude tests as predictive as they are reliable? Explain.

Module 62: DYNAMICS OF INTELLIGENCE – AGING & EXTREMES

How Intelligence changes as we age:

What do cross-sectional studies show?

What do longitudinal studies show?

Define & explain how the following are affected by aging:

Crystalized Intelligence –

Fluid Intelligence –

Are intelligence scores early in life a good predictor of your future aptitudes/abilities/success?

Extremes of Intelligence:

What does it mean to have an intellectual disability?

What IQ score is considered mild intellectual disability?

What does research generally show about those who test with an extremely high IQ at a young age?

What is a major criticism of having gifted educational programs?

MODULE 63: GENETIC & ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCES ON INTELLIGENCE

What is the heritability of intelligence?

Summarize the findings that support a genetic influence on intelligence:

What is meant when we say intelligence seems to be polygenetic?

Summarize the findings that support an environmental influence on intelligence (What sort of factors influence intelligence and in what ways?):

MODULE 64: GROUP DIFFERENCES & BIAS IN TESTING

What does research show on gender differences in mental ability scores? What are the reasons for these differences?

What does research show on racial & ethnic differences in mental ability scores? What are reasons for these differences (be specific)?

Explain the 2 meanings of bias when it comes to testing.



What is stereotype threat and how does it affect the scores of women & minorities? Is there a way to combat it? How?
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