Title: Describe your take home message in 12 words or fewer

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Session 2. Then you’d talk about session 2 (in this example). There are additional levels of headings (fourth, etc.), but you’ll have to look those up if you want to use them.


The most important thing to do in results is: Present data that answer the questions and/or address the hypotheses from your intro. (Failing to address one’s hypotheses is one of the most common pitfalls in psych 201.) For this class it should probably be a maximum of about two pages and it might be less than a single page.

Think about what your hypotheses/questions were, and what the reader needs to know to answer them. Make sure you address them in the results section. Do this even if you aren’t required to write an introduction.

Remember to talk about the findings in the results section; don't just stick a bunch of numbers in there. On the other hand, you don't want to elaborately spell out everything you're going to say in the discussion. There’s a balance to be struck between talking about what the data show and going into detail about what they mean.

When you present the results of any inferential statistics (e.g., t-tests, correlations, ANOVAs), make sure to report the relevant means and SDs. Also, always make clear the direction of an effect (e.g., saying two means were different isn’t as good as saying one was higher than the other). Means should always be accompanied by standard deviations.

Here’s an example. Assume we did an experiment to test the prediction that people can read concrete nouns (e.g., “potato”) more quickly than abstract nouns (e.g., “liberty”). Suppose we do a within-participant experiment with 12 participants and find that people are faster on the concrete nouns than the abstract nouns, and a t-test shows that the difference is statistically significant. We could report the result as follows: “It took participants fewer seconds to name concrete words (M = .664, SD = 109) than abstract words (M = .689, SD = 113). This difference was significant: t(11) = 2.29, p < .05.” The APA Manual strongly suggests reporting confidence intervals or effect size but doing so is not necessary for psych 201 lab reports.

You can also present your data using a table or graph. If you do, make sure to use correct APA formatting (for example, the graph/table comes at the end of the paper).

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