The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment


What is the Nuremberg Code? What was it inspired by? What are the core elements in it?



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What is the Nuremberg Code? What was it inspired by? What are the core elements in it?

The Nuremberg Code was developed in 1947 in the aftermath of Nazi research on uninformed prisoners in concentration camps. Human participants had unwittingly been victims of medical experiments that led to many permanent disabilities or death. Subsequently, twenty-three physicians and administrators were charged for willing participation in war crimes against humanity (Claremont Graduate University, 2015). As a result of these heinous acts, the ethical principle of informed consent became known as teh Nuremberg Code. The Nuremberg Code specified that any person involved as a human subject for research or experimentation should have legal capacity to give consent, and should be able to exercise free power of choice without force, fraud, fear, deceit, coercion, or duress (Claremont Graduate University, 2015). Furthermore, the subject should be able to comprehend the elements of the matter and research process to the extent that an informed decision can be made (DHHS, n.d.[c]). Core elements of the Nuremberg Code include that it is the responsibility as well as the duty of the individual or entity who initiates, directs, or engages in the experiment to ascertain the quality of the consent (DHHS, n.d.[c]). In addition, any experiment utilizing human subjects must be for the promotion of good, and must be shown to not be attainable through any other course of study, nor to be random or unnecessary (DHHS, n.d.[c]).



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