Running head: theory and research the Relationship between Theory and Research

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The Relationship between Theory and Research

Michelle Guthrie Yarwood

Penn State University

Before writing running head in header, follow these instructions:

  1. Select the header.

  2. Under “Design” tab, place a checkmark next to “different first page.”

  3. You will need to type the running head on the first page and the second page.

  4. On the second page, the words “running head” are now removed.


Your abstract goes here. The abstract should be 250 words or less. In the Abstract, the first sentence of the abstract is not indented. In the abstract, you will provide a brief summary of the content you will be discussing in your paper.

Keywords: applied social psychology, theory, research
The Relationship between Theory and Research

Do not place an “Introduction heading” here. Just start writing. After the first introductory paragraph, you might consider using APA headings to organize the information in your literature review. This section should be written in the following order: 1) Topic & Context 2) Literature Review: Study Details 3) Literature: Linking Studies to Perspectives of Emotions 4) Summary of Past Research, Perspectives, and Thesis 5) Future Directions/Gap in research.

This is the beginning of the paper. Ensure that you have the correct font, double-spacing, etc. From this point forward, the first sentence of each paragraph should be indented.

If you are talking about an idea from the book (or any source) an in-text citation is necessary. Applied social psychology is subsumed under the field of social psychology (Schneider, Gruman, & Coutts, 2012).

Later in the paper, if you would like to use an in-text citation mentioned previously in your paper, ensure to shorten the citation using et al. Only use et al. if 3 or more authors exist. Research methods and theory are dependent on each other (Schneider et al., 2012).

The appropriate APA level headings are below.

Level 1 Main Heading

Level 2 Heading
Level 3 Heading.

Level 4 Heading.

Level 5 Heading.

Below, is an example using APA heading levels. Within the literature review, I strongly suggest using APA headings to organize similar information together and to provide a transition for the reader.

Types of Love

Define love, types of love, etc. here

Passionate Love

Describe passionate love here and research on passionate love.

Companionate Love

Describe companionate love here and research on companionate love.

Subjective Feelings

Describe subjective feelings

Cognitive Appraisals

Describe cognitive appraisals

Maternal Love

Love as a Mixed Emotion


References begin here in ABC order. Refer to APA book, OWL website, or OWL blog to see

types of references. After the first line, subsequent lines should be indented.

Reference page should be double-spaced.

For the journal title, only the first word and words after colons are capitalized.

Ensure the journal and book titles are italicized. Volume numbers, not issue numbers, are

reported in the reference.
For Empirical Journal Article:

Knee, C.R. (1998). Implicit theories of relationships: Assessment and prediction of romantic relationship initiation, coping, and longevity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 360-370.

For Chapter in an Edited Book

Grolnick, W. S., Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1997). Internalization within the family: The self-determination theory perspective. In J. E. Grusec & L. Kuczynski (Eds.), Parenting and children's internalization of values: A handbook of contemporary theory (pp. 135-161). Hoboken, NJ, US: John Wiley & Sons Inc.

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