Referencing Style Guide

Serials (Journals and Newspapers)

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Serials (Journals and Newspapers)

Cite the version of a serials you saw. For example, do not cite the print version of a journal article if you used the Internet one.

Journal Articles

Author: The author’s last name is listed first, followed by up to 2 initials, with no periods. Place family designations of rank after the initials, without punctuation and convert Roman numerals to Arabic ordinals; e.g., DeVita VT Jr, Jones JG 2nd. If there four or more authors, list only the first three followed by “et al.” If no person or organization with responsibility for a publication can be determined, omit this element; do not use “anonymous.”

Article title: Capitalize only the first word and proper nouns. Use a colon followed by a space to separate a title from a subtitle, unless some other form of punctuation (such as a question mark, period, or an exclamation point) is already present.
Article type: If the article is identified as an editorial, letter, news, interview, or abstract, this may follow the title in brackets, as “[editorial].”
Serial title: All Significant words in journal titles are capitalized. Titles should be abbreviated according to PubMed. To find the correct abbreviation for many medical journals, go to and click on the Journals Database link in the column at the left. Enter the journal title in the search box and use the Title Abbreviation given. If the title does not appear in the database, either use the abbreviation from another source (e.g., another indexing system) or construct an abbreviation using Appendix A. Do not abbreviate journal titles consisting of a single word (e.g., Blood, Lancet, Pharmacotherapy). Note that running headers or footers on the article page may not carry the official title of a journal.
Date of publication: The year is entered first, followed by the month/season/day. Months are abbreviated by the first 3 digits; seasons are not abbreviated; multiple months or seasons are separated by a dash, as “Jan-Feb” or “Fall-Winter.” Days appear after the month, as “Jan 2.” Multiple days as “Apr 11-15.” The month and day may be omitted if the journal uses continuous pagination throughout a volume.
Volume number: Volume numbers are given in Arabic numbers only; e.g., convert LX to 60.
Issue number: Issue numbers are inserted in parentheses immediately after the volume number. They are given in Arabic numbers only. A supplement/part/special number is indicated by “Suppl,” “Pt,” or “Spec No.” If a number or letter is present, it is included, as “Suppl A.” Arabic numbers only are used, as “Pt 2.”

Issue numbers may be omitted if the journal uses continuous pagination throughout a volume.

Inclusive pagination: Page numbers come after the colon that immediately follows the volume (issue) number. Page numbers are not repeated. E.g., pages 123-124 become “123-4.” If the page number is preceded or followed by a letter (often “S” for Supplement or “A” for Abstract, the letter is included, as S10-4; repeating numbers are retained when the letter follows the page number, as “124A-126A.”

Standard journal article format:

Author(s) of article. Title of article. Journal title abbreviated. Date of publication; volume number(issue number):page numbers.

Standard print scholarly journal article (continuous pagination)

Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J

Med. 2002;347:284-7.

Article from print journal paginated by issue (i.e., each issue begins with page “1.”)

Smith DL. The effect of patient noncompliance on health care costs. Med Interface.


Letter, editorial, or abstract

Stiles ML, Allen LV Jr., Prince S, Fox JL. Stability of ranitidine hydrochloride during

simulated home care use [letter]. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1994;51:1706-7.

Volume with supplement

Geraud G, Spierings EL, Keywood C. Tolerability and safety of frovatriptan with short- and long-

term use for treatment of migraine and in comparison with sumatriptan. Headache. 2002;42 Suppl


Issue with supplement

Glauser TA. Integrating clinical trial data into clinical practice. Neurology. 2002;58(12 Suppl


Issue with part

Ahrar K, Madoff DC, Gupta S, Wallace MJ, Price RE, Wright KC. Development of a large

animal model for lung tumors. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2002;13(9 Pt 1):923-8.

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