Psychotherapy-driven supervision: integrating counseling theories into role-based supervision.

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Psychotherapy-driven supervision: integrating counseling theories into role-based supervision. (Pearson, Q. J. of Mental Health Counseling, 2006)

For many mental health counselors, their practice goes beyond direct service with clients and extends into the clinical supervision and training of students and new counselors. Clinical supervision is defined as "an intervention provided by a more senior member of a profession to a more junior member" (Bernard & Goodyear, 2004, p. 8) in which the focus is on "the supervisee's clinical interventions that directly affect the client, as well as, those behaviors related to the supervisee's personal and professional functioning" (Bradley & Kottler, 2001, p. 5). Implicit within these definitions are two major elements that are sometimes construed as conflicting. First, the theories of counseling and psychotherapy psychotherapy, treatment of mental and emotional disorders using psychological methods. Psychotherapy, thus, does not include physiological interventions, such as drug therapy or electroconvulsive therapy, although it may be used in combination with such methods.  are integral to developing skilled counselors (Corey, 2005; Day, 2004), and removing psychotherapy theory and practice from supervision is neither feasible nor desirable. Second, clinical supervision is more than an extension of counseling theory. It is a specialty in its own right, complete with established models, practices, and interventions (e.g., Bernard, 1997; Stoltenberg, McNeill, & Delworth, 1998). The purpose of this article is to present a case for psychotherapy-driven supervision, an inclusive model of supervision that incorporates and integrates two elements: counseling theory and practice with role-based supervision approaches.


Commonly referred to as psychotherapy-based models (Bernard, 1992; Bradley & Gould, 2001; Watkins, 1995) and more recently described as supervision models grounded in psychotherapy theory (Bernard & Goodyear, 2004), the supervision literature is replete re·plete  


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