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How is diabetes managed?

There is no cure for diabetes, but it can be controlled. The following are ways of managing diabetes and improving health:

  • lose weight

  • eat healthy, unprocessed foods

  • check blood sugar levels regularly

  • do regular physical activity

  • quit smoking

  • drink less alcohol

  • take medicines (if prescribed by a doctor)

  • have good personal hygiene (to reduce the risk of infections).

People with diabetes should visit the health clinic for a health assessment including:

  • eyesight checks

  • feet checks

  • kidney checks

  • blood pressure checks

  • skin checks

  • blood glucose level checks.

Can someone have too little blood sugar?

Yes, a condition known as hypoglycaemia (also called a ‘hypo’) may occur when someone has too little sugar in their blood (in medical terms, below 4 millimoles per litre). This can happen when the person does not take the right amount of medicine for diabetes. It can also happen when the person skips meals, exercises too much or drinks too much alcohol. Generally, only people with type 1 diabetes are at risk.

Signs of hypoglycaemia are:

  • unclear thinking

  • dizziness

  • headaches

  • blurred vision

  • faster heartbeat

  • sweatiness

  • shakes

  • hunger.

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