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Study Guide
Counseling Foundations and Ethics

City Vision College

Course 412

This Study Guide is to be used as study guide for Course: “Counseling Foundations and Ethics.” Use this guide to take your personal notes. Answer the questions pertaining to each chapter and submit to your instructor as directed. Use this Study Guide as a study tool for your midterm and final exams.

Introduction to Counseling Foundations and Ethics

This course serves as the introduction to counseling theory from a Christian perspective. While many students resist “theory” and want to “get down to the practice,” a foundation in theory is critical. It is important for the Christian counselor to have a solid foundation in the principles of Psychology, Christianity, and the psychology of religion as they relate to understanding counseling and addiction.

Here are some of the concepts covered in this course:

  • Psychology can be defined as the scientific study of the behavior and thinking of organisms.

  • Psychology was established as a discipline in 1879.

  • The study of how people grow, mature and change from birth to adulthood is called Developmental Psychology.

  • The study of how people interact with one another and with their society as a whole is called Social Psychology. Social psychology is concerned with social influences upon the individual.

  • The diagnosis and treatment of psychological problems is called Abnormal Psychology. Recognizing various categories of mental health disorders in abnormal psychology and their relationship to substance abuse will be addressed.

  • The study of Psychology is a science. The Scientific Method is a key concept. It consists of the following: the proposal of an idea (a hypothesis); the testing of a hypothesis; and then the results are evaluated against the hypothesis (idea). Data to test the hypothesis can be obtained through one or more of the following means: observation, surveys/interviews, case study, and experiments.

This course also serves as the introduction to human developmental theories which are foundational in understanding the implications of the age of a person when they experienced trauma and/or the onset of behaviors leading to addiction. This critical understanding allows students to confidently deal with the dissonant behaviors between chronological and emotional “age” of many clients beginning recovery. This course expands the lay leaders’ and clinicians’ understanding of significant concepts and the vital role of normal human developmental needs.

In addition, this course addresses the wide range of ethical issues inherent in all steps identified within the Scope of Practice for addiction professionals and found in recovery support services. The course examines issues which may arise during initial screening, during treatment planning, and as a client progresses through treatment implementation and moves into recovery. The issues discussed relate to professional obligations, interactions with family and the community, as well as the process of documentation. Throughout this course, the participant will be asked to relate various points to their own situations; consider the various perspectives presented; and develop an ongoing awareness of their choices, decisions and behaviors in light of a high ethical standard.
Ethics issues to be addressed will include the following:

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