Impact therapy applied to groups



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KINDS OF EXERCISES



  1. Written

  2. Movement

  3. Dyads and triads

  4. Rounds

  5. Creative props

  6. Arts and crafts

  7. Fantasy

  8. Common reading

  9. Feedback

  10. Trust

  11. Experiential

  12. Moral dilemma

  13. Group decision



PLANNING--AN ESSENTIAL COMPONENT
Plan 1

The first session of a parenting group consisting of ten members


3 min. (7:00) Introductions—round (name, age of children, why they came to the group).

5 min. Discuss the group—format, purpose (stress that it is mainly an educational and support group and not a therapy group). Have members share their needs and any fears or questions about the group. Have them share cultural differences. (Sandwich in the ground rules of confidentiality, attendance, no attacking of others.)

2 min. Sentence completion:

The thing I like most about being a parent is__________________________

The hardest thing about parenting is_________________________________

I get most upset as a parent when___________________________________

10 min. Have members share these in large group (use their examples in discussion below).

15 min. Discuss Adlerian principles of child behavior (use charts and handouts)

All behavior is purposeful.

Children are not bad—they are discouraged.

Four goals of misbehavior.

5 min. (7:35) Have members share in triads their thoughts about the Adlerian principles.

10 min. Discuss in large group, then continue overview of principles: Parent’s reaction to each of the four goals of misbehavior.

20 min. Focus on the first goal of misbehavior—attention getting

Use short role-plays to demonstrate.

Discuss ways to deal with situations.

5 min. Dyads—discuss this goal in relation to their children and how parents may handle situations differently.

5 min. Process dyads.

10 min. Summarize—what stood out, feelings about the group, one thing they plan to do differently.

Hand out reading material.

Remind them of next meeting time.


Plan 2

The second session of a growth and support group for fourth- and fifth-graders who don’t seem to make friends easily. There is one new member this week.


5 min. Introduce new member to the group—have members tell their names and what they remember about last week. Leader comments about the group and its purpose. Also, remind members when they talk to look at others instead of the leader.

2 min. Have members list things they can do to make friends.

3 min. Discuss lists in dyads.

15 min. List ideas on chalkboard.

Discuss the ideas.

Role-play some of the ideas.

Have each member practice.

3 min. Have each member tell one thing he or she will try this week.

2 min. Summarize—each member completes “One thing I learned....

NOTE: Good planning is essential for leading meaningful groups. The skilled leader always plans the warm-up, realizing that the opening few minutes of any session is very important. The warm-up should never be boring or too long. It is also important to plan for the closing phase of the session--it should not end abruptly. The prepared leader also has a back-up plan in case what is planned does not work.

Plan 3

The third session of a six-week assertiveness-training group with eight members.


10 min. Progress reports, observations from the week, questions.

15 min. Reenact some “assertiveness” situations from the week (this could last longer if there are a number of situations).

5 min. Dyads—process thoughts from the reenactments.

15 min. Present the “broken record” technique:

Demonstrate.

Practice.

10 min. Reactions, comments, and questions.

1 min. Round—(1–10; 10 = very much): how guilty do you feel when you are being assertive?

15 min. Discuss their numbers and how not to feel guilty—teach REBT

Show ABC model.

Write on board their irrational self-talk and then rational self-talk.

5 min. Dyads: discuss the use of REBT when being assertive.

10 min. Discussion: things I plan to try this week regarding being assertive.

5 min. Summary: what stood out for you today? Any wishes for anyone in the group?



Plan 4

The third session of a weekly counseling group. The group has six members.


5 min. Progress reports—ask about Bob’s mother’s visit, Ruth’s exercise program, Tandy’s contract to talk with two people each day.

5 min. Thoughts, comments, reactions to the week.

10 min. Review Ellis’s ABC model—use examples from their week.

20 min. Personal work—do yes/no round of who wants to bring up something; if all no’s, use backup plan— Introduce TA model if it did not come up during the personal work or continue the personal work if others want to work.

5 min. Share (in triads) reactions to TA model.

5 min. Summarize -- what stood out? How will use REBT and TA?



5 min. Write in journals (Journals are left for the leader to read).

NOTE: Good planning is essential for leading meaningful groups. The skilled leader always plans the warm-up, realizing that the opening few minutes of any session is very important. The warm-up should never be boring or too long. It is also important to plan for the closing phase of the session--it should not end abruptly. The prepared leader also has a back-up plan in case what is planned does not work.

CREATIVE GROUP EXERCISES




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