Impact therapy applied to groups



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GROUP LEADERSHIP SKILLS


  1. Being clear as to the purpose

  2. Being clear about your role as leader

  3. Generating and building interest and energy

  4. Tuning into the group’s energy

  5. Varying the format

  6. Using your eyes effectively

  7. Setting the proper tone

  8. Using your voice effectively

  9. Being aware of the focus: a) on a topic b) on a person c) on an activity

  10. Getting, holding, deepening and shifting the focus

  1. Asking good questions

  2. Knowing counseling theories

  1. Knowing your allies in the group

  2. Second guessing

  3. Thinking of members as individuals

(It is appropriate to meet with members privately)

  1. Dealing with multicultural issues

  2. Drawing out

  3. Cutting off

  4. Using exercises effectively

BEGINNING A GROUP
Things to think about

  1. How to begin the group

  2. How to handle introduction of members (how, how much time to spend)

  3. How to set the tone (very important)


Things to do in the first session

  1. Clarify the purpose of the group

  2. Explain the leader’s role

  3. Explain how the group will be conducted

  4. Tell members you will, at times, be looking around when they are talking

  5. Tell members you will be cutting off members at various times

  6. Explain the rules for the group (see comment below)

  7. Explain any special terms that will be used

  8. Check out the comfort level of the members (use 1-10 round)

  9. Assess coping styles of the members

  10. Introduce and focus on the content/purpose of the group

  11. Draw out members

  12. Allow extra time for closing the first session

  13. Address questions members may have

  14. Focus on multicultural dynamics if they exist


Helpful Hints


  1. Do not start with the rules -- it sets a tone you probably don’t want.




  1. Do not focus too long on one member during the first session




  1. Don’t count on members to carry the first session -- have a plan




  1. Watch out for members talking just to you (the leader)




  1. Do not let negative or dominating members control




  1. Do not be afraid to cut off members




  1. Written exercises can be very helpful in drawing out members




  1. Dyads can be helpful in getting members comfortable




  1. Rounds can be very helpful in drawing out members

10. Use a movement exercise to generate interest and energy if it is low





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