Impact of Empowerment on Work-life Balance and Employee Well-being

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2012 Cambridge Business & Economics Conference ISBN : 9780974211428


Füsun Akdağ, Ph.D.

Yeditepe University,

Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences,

Department of Business Administration,

Istanbul, Turkey.



Organizations are under tremendous pressure to improve their performance and success in the competetive business world. Psychological empowerment increases employees' sense of personal control and motivates them to engage in work, which in turn results in positive managerial and organizational outcomes (Quinn & Spreitzer, 1997).

Work-life balance has always been a concern for quality of working life and its relation to quality of life. Individuals experiencing interference between work and personal lives are also significantly more likely to suffer from reduced psychological well-being and physical health. (Grant-Vallone & Ensher, 1998).

The well-being of employees is in the best interest of communities and organizations. The average adult spends much of his or her life working, as much as a quarter or perhaps a third of his waking life in work. Subsequent research in this area has led to an understanding of the detrimental effect of work-related stress on employee health (Bond, 2004; Loretto et al, 2005).

This study argues that perception of empowerment is a key factor that affects work-life balance, physical and mental well-being of employees and managers. The effect of empowerment on mental and physical well-being can be direct or through its effect on work-life balance. Using non-random convenience sampling, employees and managers in various sectors were surveyed.

The questionnaire consists of four parts: demographic aspects, perceived empowerment, work-family balance, physical and mental well-being.

Analyses support our hypotheses that empowerment and work-family balance has a strong effect on mental, physical well-being. Furthermore the results also provide evidence for the effect of empowerment on work-family balance. As to the gender effect on the interaction between empowerment, work-family balance and mental/physical well-being, we have not found any gender based differences on perception of empowerment, work-family balance and mental/physical well-being.

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