Historical foundations of education marking scheme

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Q1 Justify the inclusion of History of education as a foundation course in teacher education.

Introduction should define terms i.e. history, education and history and education.

-History of education is the study of the past development of educational systems, educational theories and institutions within the general historical framework of social, economic, political, scientific, technological and cultural change. (5 marks)

Justification for inclusion of History of Education in teacher education.

  1. Enables educators examine issues and problems that perplex us today in a historical context-leading to better understanding and hence solutions.

  2. Helps teachers develop a person point of view of education.

  3. Helps study past successes and failures in succession-leads to comparison, contrasting and evaluation of the worthiness of conflicting educational ideas and practice -teachers and educators can avoid repeating mistakes and improve on their own system.

  4. Leads to better understanding of the relationship between theory and practice of education.

  5. Acquaints educators with great teachers and educators e.g. Buddha, Plato, Augustine, Dewey etc – helps the teacher to improve and be confident.

  6. Strengthens the teacher’s personal and professional competence by encouraging them to:

  • Examine, evaluate, accept, reject, modify etc the cultural inheritance.

  • Become an educational critic and agent for cultural transmission and change.

  1. Helps one to make comparisons.

  2. Encourages teachers to look critically at contemporary theories and practices in relationship to the past.

  3. Develops the power of thinking by exciting curiosity, inquiry etc. Helps develop critical thinking.

  4. History of education is drawn upon by practically all other disciplines i.e. sciences and humanities.

  5. Creates a sense of realism-helps one understand limits set to human power by particular contexts.

Any 6 points-3marks each (18 marks)

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