Health Impact Assessment a practical guidance manual 1 H



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Health

Impact

Assessment

a practical guidance manual

1

Health

Impact

Assessment

a practical guidance manual



The Institute of Public Health in Ireland

June 2003

2

Health Impact Assessment: a practical guidance manual



Published by the Institute of Public Health in Ireland

© The Institute of Public Health in Ireland, 2003

Reproduction authorised for non-commercial purposes provided the source is acknowledged.

Prepared by Cathal Doyle, Owen Metcalfe, Institute of Public Health in Ireland

John Devlin, Department of Health and Children

ISBN 0-9542965-4-0

For further copies of this document please contact:

The Institute of Public Health in Ireland

5th Floor Forestview

Bishop’s Square Purdy’s Lane

Redmond’s Hill Belfast BT 8 7 ZX

Dublin 2


Tel: +353 1 478 6300 Tel: +44 2890 64 84 94

Fax: +353 1 478 6319 Fax: +44 2890 64 66 04

Email: info@publichealth.ie

3

CONTENTS

Page

1. The purpose of this document 4



2. Overview of HIA 5

2.1 Definition of health 5

2.2 What is Health Impact Assessment? 5

2.3 HIA’s contribution to reducing health inequalities 5

2.4 How HIA intersects with other areas 6

2.5 What are the benefits of HIA? 6

2.6 The policy context 7

2.7 What is involved in doing a HIA? 7

2.8 When to conduct a HIA 8

2.9 What are the steps involved in HIA? 8

2.10 Schematic representation of HIA procedure and methods 9

3. Guidance on the methodology 10

3.1 Gaining knowledge of health and the determinants of health 10

3.2 Screening 10

3.2.1 What are the steps involved in screening? 11

3.3 Scoping 12

3.4 Appraisal 15

3.4.1 Methods used to gather evidence 15

3.4.2 Making recommendations 19

3.4.3 Final report 20

4. Statement of influence on policy/programme/project 20

5. Monitoring and evaluation? 21

6. Further information and advice on HIA 22

7. Appendices 1 to 11 23

This guidance document has been written using a wide range of sources on HIA. (See Appendix 11 for

further details). Elements of the document are adapted from the work of the DG Sanco funded project

‘Policy Health Impact Assessment for the European Union’.

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