Guidelines on style for scientific writing



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GUIDELINES ON STYLE FOR SCIENTIFIC WRITING




Will G Hopkins PhD




Department of Physiology and School of Physical Education, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand 9001 Email: will.hopkins=AT=otago.ac.nz




Sportscience 3(1), sportsci.org/jour/9901/wghstyle.html, 1999 (4397 words)




Reviewed by Frank I Katch PhD, Department of Exercise Science, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003






In this article I present the elements of scientific style, ranging from the specifics of punctuation and abbreviations through to the flow of ideas in the document. I also deal with presentation of data, common grammatical errors, and citation of publications. The guidelines are generally consistent with the style promoted by the American Psychological Association. Reprint · Help <../../helpdown.html>



KEYWORDS: data presentation, grammar, punctuation, publishing, research

Punctuation
Hyphenation
Italics and Bold
Fonts and Symbols
Abbreviations and Acronyms
Headings, Paragraph Styles, and Lists
Numbers and Statistics
Tables
Figures
Use of Words
Grammar
Flow of Ideas
Style for Cited Publications
References


In this article I provide guidelines for writing in scientific style, starting with the detail of punctuation and working up through to the whole document. The guidelines are based on material presented in the publication manual of the American Psychological Association (1994). I indicate departures from APA style in brackets, thus: [APA:...]. You can access the APA manual and related material via the links provided by Dewey (1998).

This article also defines the general style for articles published at the Sportscience website. Intending contributors should use this article in conjunction with the appropriate template downloaded from the Sportscience site. Some of the material in the templates is duplicated here.




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