Effective citing and referencing



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How to cite Effective citing and referencing 6bCiting printed sources
Source material
Quotation
Author
Carroll points out that deliberate breaches form a relatively small proportion of dishonesty cases whereas up to 80% inmost years involve misuse of others work through plagiarism or collusion (Some attempts to gain unfair advantages involve deliberate breaches of the rules. Learners who take devices into examinations, gain unauthorized access to assessment questions, or who hire an impersonator are clearly being dishonest. Because of developments in communication technology, smaller devices can be smuggled into examination rooms, impersonators are easier to recruit, and hacked questions are more easily available. However, deliberate breaches form a relatively small proportion of dishonesty cases whereas up to 80% inmost years involve misuse of others work through plagiarism or collusion. In these cases, determining whether a learner has acted dishonestly is much more problematic and the role of technology and networked communications in encouraging misuse is also more complex.
Author–_date'>Reference:
Carroll, J. July 2012. Academic honesty in the IB. IB Position Paper. http://blogs.ibo.org/positionpapers/files/2013/02/Academic-honesty- in-the-IB.pdf.
Author–
date
Carroll reminds us that deliberate breaches form a relatively small proportion of dishonesty cases whereas up to 80% inmost years involve misuse of others work through plagiarism or collusion
(2012: 2).
Numbered
footnote
As Carroll has noted, deliberate breaches form a relatively small proportion of dishonesty cases whereas up to 80% inmost years involve misuse of others work through plagiarism or collusion 1
Carroll, J. 2012. Academic honesty in the IB. IB Position Paper. http://blogs.ibo.org/positionpapers/files/2013/02/Academic-honesty-in-the-IB.pdf. P 2.
Paraphrase
Author
While some students still try to bring unauthorized materials into examination rooms with a clear intention to cheat, the vast majority of breaches (80%) relate to plagiarism and collusion establishing responsibility and intent in such cases is not always easy (Carroll 2).
Author–
date
Carroll (2012: 2) notes that while some students still try to bring unauthorized materials into examination rooms with a clear intention to cheat, the vast majority of breaches (80%) relate to plagiarism and collusion establishing responsibility and intent in such cases is not always easy.
Numbered
footnote
While some students still try to bring unauthorized materials into examination rooms with a clear intention to cheat, the vast majority of breaches (80%) relate to plagiarism and collusion establishing responsibility and intent in such cases is not always easy 1
Carroll, J. 2012. Academic honesty in the IB. IB Position Paper. http://blogs.ibo.org/positionpapers/files/2013/02/Academic-honesty-in-the-IB.pdf. P 2.




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