Cognitive consistency theory

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Annotated Bibliography

Aronson, E. (Spring, 1997). A theory of cognitive Dissonance. American Hournal of Psychology, 110(1), 127-137.

The article is a well written account by a former student of the originator of the Theory of Cognitive Dissonance (Leon Festinger). He illustrates in a cheerful fashion his first meeting with Festinger. The author of this article talks about how the professor handed him the carbon copy of the original manuscript of the theory which had not yet been printed. The author then describes the theory and the principles behind it. In addition, the modifications to the dissonance theory are explained as well. Several of the modifications of the theory have been by the author of this article. The author reviews several books relevant to the theory. Finally, the influence of the theory in the study of social psychology is celebrated by the writer.

Brehm, M. L., Back, K., & Bogdonoff, M. D. (1964). "A Physiological effect of Cognitive Dissonance under food deprivation and stress". Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 69, 303-310. In Zimbardo, P. G. (1969). The Cognitive Control of Motivation. The Consequences of Choice and Dissonance.

The article first presents a brief introduction of the Cognitive Dissonance Theory. Then, it proceeds to explain the experiment that studies the physiological changes presented by subjects who experienced food deprivation and stress for a period of 24 hours. The physiological determinant measured in the study is the change of concentration of plasma-free fatty acids. This particular physiological measure was utilized because it is sensitive to social conditions and changes. The article explains the results of the study with regards to the Cognitive Dissonance Theory. The relationships between the results and motivation and dissonance are also determined.

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