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ASSIGNMENT TITLE:
Answer both questions 

1)   Examine and describe the different stages of the research onion, and explain the concepts at each stage. 

2)   Choose a topic or problem in an area of your choosing. Write a short problem statement with a clear description of the issue(s) which include a vision, issue statement, and method used to solve the problem. Use subheadings to separate problem definition, importance and relevance of the study, and summary and conclusions. 
PREPARED BY:
MOHAMMAD SHAHADAT HOSSEN

MATRIX NO: GS51323

COURSE NAME: METHODS AND RESEARCH DESIGN

COURSE CODE: FEM 5001

SUBMITTED TO:
PROF. MADYA DR. SHARIFAH NORAZIZAN BINTI SYED ABD. RASHID.

COURSE TEACHER

FACULTY OF HUMAN ECOLOGY

UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA

DATE OF SUMISSION: 16 MARCH 2018

Question 1.   Examine and describe the different stages of the research onion, and explain the concepts at each stage. 
ANSWER TO QUESITON NUMBER 1:
Introduction:

The research onion was developed by Saunders et al. (2007). It illustrates the stages that must be covered when developing a research strategy. When viewed from the outside, each layer of the onion describes a more detailed stage of the research process (Saunders et al., 2007). The research onion provides an effective progression through which a research methodology can be designed. Its usefulness lies in its adaptability for almost any type of research methodology and can be used in a variety of contexts (Bryman, 2012). This essay will examine and describe the different stages of the research onion, and explain the concepts at each stage.
Definition of Research Onion:

The research onion was developed by Saunders et al. (2007) illustrating the stages that must be covered when developing a research strategy. Each layer of the onion describes a more detailed stage of the research process – it provides an effective progression through which a research methodology can be designed.


Stages of the Research Process:


  1. Defining the research philosophy

  2. Research approach

  3. Research strategy

  4. Identify the time horizon

  5. Identify the data collection methodology



1.1: Understanding the Research Process


The research onion was developed by Saunders et al. (2007) in order to describe the stages through which the researcher must pass when formulating an effective methodology. First, the research philosophy requires definition. This creates the starting point for the appropriate research approach, which is adopted in the second step. In the third step, the research strategy is adopted, and the fourth layer identifies the time horizon. The fifth step represents the stage at which the data collection methodology is identified. The benefits of the research onion are thus that it creates a series of stages under which the different methods of data collection can be understood, and illustrates the steps by which a methodological study can be described.

Figure 1: The Research Onion (Source: Institut Numerique, 2012, n.p.).

the_research_onion.jpg



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