Antisocial Personality Disorder and its Correlation with Serial Killers



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Running Head SERIAL KILLERS
1 Serial Killers Evolution, Antisocial Personality Disorder and Psychological Interventions A Research Paper Presented to The Faculty of Adler Graduate School
__________________ In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for The Degree of Master of Arts in
Adlerian Counseling and Psychotherapy
__________________ By Beth I. Cook September 2011

SERIAL KILLERS
2 Acknowledgements First, I would like to thank my family for supporting me through what has seemed like the world’s longest stint as a student and not giving upon me throughout my college and graduate studies. Mom, Dad, I know that it has not been the easiest living with me, especially the last couple of years, but at least now it has finally paid off. Additionally, I would like to thank my church family, my pastor, Stan and his wife Jan for their constant prayer and support throughout the years and encouragement to keep on the road that God had laid before me and always being therefor support whether I asked for it or not. And, lastly, I would like to thank the Bloomington Police Department. I was a police explorer for two and a half years while in high school and I thought that I really wanted to become a police officer someday. However, through the explorer program which, by the way is through Boy Scouts of America) I discovered my fascination for the mind of the criminal and that actually fighting crime was not where I was called to be. Instead, the psychology of criminology is where my interest lies and I would not have found that had it not been for those fun and crazy Tuesday night meetings at the police station or fire station that I attended as a sophomore and junior in high school. Thank you.

SERIAL KILLERS
3 Table of Contents Acknowledgements Abstract Introduction The Serial Killer Phenomena The Landscapes of the Serial Killer Clinical Aspects of Serial Killers Defining Antisocial Personality Disorder What is Evil Media and Culture Case Studies Jack the Ripper Ed Gein……………………………………………………………………….42 Jeffery Dahmer……………………………………………………………….45 Adolfo Constanzo…………………………………………………………….48 Richard Ramirez Charles Manson and the Manson Family Harold Shipman………………………………………………………………60 Ted Bundy……………………………………………………………………63 John Wayne Gacy…………………………………………………………….67 David Berkowitz, Son of Sam Aileen Wuornos……………………………………………………………...74 Tying it all Together References

SERIAL KILLERS
4 Abstract Serial killers as a phenomenon have been apart of American history for generations. There are many theories as to why people goon to become murderers, such as various mental disorders with the most prevalent disorder believed to be linked to serial killers being antisocial personality disorder. There are many different ways to test adolescents and young adults for antisocial personality disorder and other personality disorders as well as different ways to intervene. Throughout this paper, I will explain the different types of testing that can be done in order to determine whether or not someone has or is at risk for antisocial personality disorder and some intervention strategies. The last portion of my paper is case studies of some known and not so well known serial killers and their short biographies. Included in their case studies are their histories growing up and how they evolved into the murderers that they became and what the consequences of their actions were.

SERIAL KILLERS
5 Serial Killers Evolution, Antisocial Personality Disorder and Psychological Interventions In 1960, at the beginning of the Cold War, Alfred Hitchcock tapped into the American psyche and fear of the psychopath as the dominant threat to American security with the release of the film Psycho (Genter, 2010). It is believed that Psycho was the most visible document to issue a warning about deviant behavior lurking within each individual. The National Mental Health Study Act of 1955 established the Joint Commission on Mental Illness and Health in order to collect data on the psycho-therapeutic profession. Through their study they were able to determine that despite differences in class position or education level that most Americans felt a persistent undercurrent of isolation and a sense of helplessness in the face of events (Genter, 2010). And so by the time that Psycho premiered in 1960, the image of the psychopath had already infiltrated the American imagination. The concept of the psychopathic personality however originated in the early nineteenth century with the research of J. C. Prichard, who formulated the notion of moral insanity to refer to a number of mental deficiencies that led to violent or undesired behaviors. According to Prichard’s findings certain individuals lacked the natural feelings of respect and responsibility and therefore lacked the ability to restrain themselves from socially unacceptable behavior (Genter, 2010). In general, by the s the psychopath was characterized by stunted psychological development that produced sexually chaotic behavior, including excessive masturbation and homosexuality, and by morally deficient behavior ranging from petty crimes to excessive violence (Genter, 2010 p. 140). The distinction of the psychopath

SERIAL KILLERS
6 from the ordinary criminal was due to the lack of guilt and failure to have a definable reason for committing crimes.



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