7 Japanese Self-Criticism Beyond Self-Presentation: Evidence for Self-Criticism Among Japanese



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7
Japanese Self-Criticism



Beyond Self-Presentation:

Evidence for Self-Criticism Among Japanese
Steven J. Heine

University of Pennsylvania


Toshitake Takata

Nara University


Darrin R. Lehman

University of British Columbia

Please address correspondence to:

Steven J. Heine

Department of Psychology

3815 Walnut Street

University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, PA 19104

heine@psych.upenn.edu
Revision submitted to Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.
RUNNING HEAD: JAPANESE SELF-CRITICISM

Abstract

Although a robust finding in cross-cultural research is that Japanese exhibit less self-enhancement than North Americans, all of these studies have employed questionnaire measures susceptible to self-presentational biases. The present study assessed self-enhancement in a laboratory that covertly measured participants’ behaviors. Whereas Canadians were reluctant to conclude that they had performed worse than their average classmate, Japanese were hesitant to conclude that they had performed better. This research provides evidence that cultural differences in self-enhancement and self-criticism go beyond mere self-presentation.



Directory: ~heine -> docs
docs -> An Exploration of Cultural Variation in Self-Enhancing and Self-Improving Motivations
docs -> Culture, Dissonance, and Self-Affirmation
docs -> Of the requirements for the degree of
docs -> Dissonance and Meaning Maintenance running head: Dissonance causes compensatory affirmation
docs -> Culture and Personality: The Universal and the Culturally Specific
docs -> Of the requirements for the degree of
docs -> Cultural Psychology. In Encyclopedia of Law and Society: American and Global Perspectives (Section IX). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications
docs -> 41 Culture and Positive Self-Regard Is There a Universal Need for Positive Self-Regard?
docs -> Self-Concept Clarity: Measurement, Correlates, and Cultural Boundaries
docs -> Cultural differences in self-evaluation: Japanese readily accept negative self-relevant information


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