1a education in czech republic, great britain and usa

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Transport: London is one of the largest ports and it has the oldest underground in the world. Of the three London airports (Heathrow, Gatwick, Stanstead) Heathrow is the largest in Europe. Red double-deckers attract the attention of foreigners. The traffic jam is here called peak hours.

Places of interest: Central London is where most of the famous sights are. On the Underground map it is surrounded by the Circle Line. The City is the oldest part of London in the East, and now is the home to the financial district. There you can find St. Paul’s Cathedral, Tower of London, Tower Bridge, The Monument. The East End, to the east of the City is where many new immigrant groups live and many working people. The West End has everything from chic shops, theatres, beautiful residential areas, great parks and the famous Trafalgar Square which many Londoners think of as the centre of their city. Near the West End, just to the South, is Westminster, where Buckingham Palace, Parliament and the Government of England are located. Nearby are Kensington and Belgravia, Knightsbridge and Chelsea, the most establish parts of London in which to live.

The Monument is commemorating the place in Pudding Lane where the Great Fire of London started. It is about a 60 metres-high column, that is a distance where the fire started.

Buckingham Place is the residence of the British Queen. It is guarded by the beefeaters (it is nickname, because they ate a lot of beef). In front of Buckingham palace is the statue of Queen Victoria. The Houses of Parliament, built up in neogothic style, are the residences of members of Parliament. The houses are Houses of Lords and Houses of Commons. Before HOP stood here Old Palace of Westminster. Whitehall is the street in Westminster where the government offices are located. You can see here changing guards. Here is also The Cenotaph, the column commemorate those who died for their country in WWII. Along Whitehall you can go to Trafalgar Square. Here come people at Christmas Eve, because here is standing big Christmas tree as a present form Norway. All are singing the song Long Song, to say good bye old year and they link thier arms.

Downing Street 10 is the official home of British Prime Minister since 1731.

Westminster Abbey is coronation church of almost all English monarchs. The place where many of them were buried. There is also Poet’s corner where are a lot of well-known people.

The gothic Westminster Cathedral and the baroque St. Paul’s Cathedral built by Christopher Wren are the most famous churches in London. St. Paul’s Cathedral was completed after 35 years in 1711. It stands on the site of the previous cathedral which was damaged by the Great Fire of London in 1666. St. Paul’s is built in the Baroque style, the main nave is 170 metres long and it is crowned by a central dome which rises 111 metres, it is the largest church in the world after St. Peter’s in Rome. Inside the dome along the cupola runs the whispering Gallery whose name refers to the remarkable acoustics which make it possible to hear words on one side whispered against the wall on the opposite side. St. Paul’s has seen many important occasions: sir Winston Churchill’s funeral service or the wedding of Prince Charles and princess Diana in 1981, Britain’s heroes are buried there -Admiral Nelson, the Duke of Wellington and Sir Christopher Wren himself. Wren’s simple epitaph says: „Reader, if you seek a monument, look about you,“

The Tower bridge is one of the most famous symbols of London. He stands next to the Tower. It can open in the middle and let large ships go through. Built in 1894, it takes 90 seconds to raise.Other well- known bridges are Waterloo Bridge and Westminster Bridge. The clock tower with the massive bell called Big Ben is a part of the parliament’s architecture. The post office Tower is the highest building in GB (nearly 190m)

The Tower was built by William the Conqueror in the 11th century. He started to built the massive fortress - the White Tower - to impress and dominate the people of London. Successive kings extended it and added to the fortifications. The Tower served till the 16th century as a royal home, a prison, an execution site, a royal mint and an observatory. There also used to be a royal menagerie. It is a museum now. The Crown Jewels in Jewel House guarded by the beefeaters ( right called Yeoman Warders) in their traditional Tudor uniforms are kept here. In prison were many famous prisoners kept - explorer Sir Walter Raleigh, guy Fawkes who planned to blow up the Houses of Parliament in 1605, as well as Rudolf Hess, Hitler’s deputy, the execution block where Henry VIII’s wives, Ann Boleyn and Catherine Howard, and philosopher Thomas More were beheaded. Six ravens are kept in the Tower to protect the whole kingdom. The legend says that the Kingdom will cease to exist when the ravens leave the Tower. A solemn, 700 year - old Ceremony of the Keys is still performed nightly when the main gate is locked.

The British Museum is the largest museum in the world. The National Gallery in Trafalgar Square houses paintings by nearly all great European artists of the past and a large collection of British paintings and sculpture. Tate Gallery houses valuable collection too. You can see there British and foreign paintings. Madame Tussaud’s waxwork museum in Marelybone Road is very attractive for people of all kinds.

With its dozens of theatres and music halls London is the centre of Britain’s theatre and musical life. Among theatres the most important are the National Theatre, the Royal Shakespeare Company(it isn’t theatre but company that you can see in London and Stratford), the Old Vic theatre is the oldest. In the Royal Albert Hall Antonín Dvoøák conducted the orchestra plying his compositions (Stabat Mater). It is named in honour of prince Albert and promenaded concerts are hold there. Major classical centre is also The Royal Festival Hall. The Royal Opera House is called Covered Garden because there was formatted market called also Covered Market. The market moved to new buildings. Now it is open as a modern shopping centre. The Barbican Centre opened in 1982. There is a concert hall, an art gallery, cinemas, theatre, the home state of Shakespeare Company, library, bars and restaurants.

Leicester Square is not far from Trafalgar Square. There is a statue of Shakespeare in the middle. It is also round garden.

Piccadilly Circus, Bond Street, Regent Street and Oxford Street are the most famous shopping centres in London. There is a lot of shopping houses Harrods, Selfridges, Marks and Spencer and CaA. Piccadilly Circus is a crossing closing the street Piccadilly. It’s very noisy and small. It also became notable as the centre of entertainment in the West End with its nights clubs, theatres, cinemas and restaurants. The name Piccadilly is also mentioned in the popular marching song Tipperary.

There are many parks in London, e.g. St. James’s Park, Green Park, Regent’s Park with the London Zoo and an open-air theatre. The largest of them is Hyde Park. It is also known for its Speaker’s Corner where anybody can have a speech. But you can’t say something against Queen.

The City is the oldest part of London around St. Paul’s. The City was founded by the Romans in 43 AD. The City has been a self-governing enclave from the 12th century and it is headed by the Lord Mayor. He enters his office with a ceremonial procession in November called the Lord Mayor’s Show. The ceremony dates back to the 14th century. The Lord Mayor’s official residence is the stately Mansion House. There are many banks, the most important is the Bank of England, and offices here. The City of London have area of one square mile. Now it is very important port with a lot of industries, international financial centre with offices and banks of Europe. Two millions people work there but few thousands live there. Soho is a cosmolpolitan quarter with many Chinese and Indians shops, restaurants and also with danger.

In Baker Street detectives Sherlock Holomes and Doctor Watson lived in the imagination of their author Conan Doyle.

Sport: England is the home of football and lawn-tennis. In Wimbledon (i.e. a part of Greater London) the greatest tennis championship in the world is held every year since 1877. In Greater London also the biggest sporting stadium Wembley is situated. One can watch internationals football matches here. In London are world-famous football teams, e.g. Arsenal and Chelsea.

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